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Installing Debian Software Packages

Within the Ubuntu 11.10 Oneiric Environment

Steve Smith, host of your TQA Weekly, demonstates how to add new debian software sources to Ubuntu 11.10 Oneiric, and prepares your computer from Tor.

Episode #2-15 released on January 8, 2012

Happy New Years! Welcome to the first episode of TQA Weekly in the year 2012. And to begin the year right, we are going to be preparing your Ubuntu 11.10 computer for Tor.

Today, I am going to be showing you how to prepare your computer for an awesome program called Tor designed by the Tor Project, and I'll do this with two steps divided over two episodes, the first step, you will learn how to add Debian software packages to your Ubuntu 11.10 environment. The next episode, also known as, the next step, respectively, I will explain how to call and use the Terminal to get and install files, copy and paste effectively, and how to call commands you require root access for. These are skills you need to learn to use Ubuntu effectively, and applies to many variations of Debian based Linux, in general. After these two episodes, I will be showing you Tor. I'll explain what it is for, how it works, best usage scenarios, and things to avoid doing while using Tor. Today, let's start off by getting the Debian package for Tor installed into our systems.

Just a note, these three episodes are not sponsored by the Tor Project. They are simply instructional guides to allow new users of Ubuntu 11.10 Oneric access to software designed to protect their anonymity online. I did not build any of the source code, or participate at any point in the project.

For those who do not have Ubuntu 11.10 installed, you may get it by visiting Ubuntu.com, where you have the option of using the Windows Installer or the Live Disc versions, both can be used to install Ubuntu onto your system, without damaging your Windows Installation. For the purpose of all demonstrations, we use the standard 64-bit Ubuntu operating system. If you have a different version of Ubuntu, head over to the show notes for sources to relevant links to get the precise lines of commands for your version of Ubuntu.

For the purposes of the next three episodes, all information about the correct packages you should install, and all commands that should be used to install and operate the software correctly are referenced from torproject.org. We are going to be using option 2 known as Tor on Ubuntu or Debian.

Usually, when we add a Debian package to a Linux operating system, we add it to a file located at etc/apt/sources.list. I'm going to show you a faster, and easier method of adding the following command in Ubuntu.

deb http://deb.torproject.org/torproject.org oneiric main

This line of command is only for Ubuntu 11.10 Oneiric, other variants can be obtained at the Tor Project.

In order to insert a new Debian software source, or package, go to the Ubuntu Home Button in the top left in the Unity toolbar. Search for system, click on system settings, then software sources. Click on the other software tab, then click add. For the APT line type deb http://deb.torproject.org/torproject.org oneiric main, click add source, type in your password, and click authenticate. You may close the windows, you have successfully added a new Debian software source package.

Of course, if you want to share your stories, suggestions, questions, comments, subscribe, share, like, or any thing else, you need only head over to tqaweekly.com. Stay safe and online.

Host : Steve Smith | Music : Jonny Lee Hart | Editor : Steve Smith | Producer : Zed Axis Productions

Sources & Resources